AskDefine | Define expansive

Dictionary Definition

expansive adj
1 able or tending to expand or characterized by expansion; "Expansive materials"; "the expansive force of fire" [ant: unexpansive]
2 impressive in scale; "an expansive lifestyle"; "in the grand manner" [syn: grand]
3 marked by exaggerated feelings of euphoria and delusions of grandeur
4 friendly and open and willing to talk; "wine made the guest expansive" [syn: talkative]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Adjective

  1. Able to be expanded.
  2. Comprehensive in scope or extent.
  3. Talkative and sociable.

Extensive Definition

In mathematics, the notion of expansivity formalizes the notion of points moving away from one-another under the action of an iterated function. The idea of expansivity is fairly rigid, as the definition of positive expansivity, below, as well as the Schwarz-Ahlfors-Pick theorem demonstrate.

Definition

If (X,d) is a metric space, a homeomorphism f\colon X\to X is said to be expansive if there is a constant
\varepsilon_0>0,
called the expansivity constant, such that for any two points of X, their n-th iterates are at least \varepsilon_0 apart for some integer n; i.e. if for any pair of points x\neq y in X there is n\in\mathbb such that
d(f^n(x),f^n(y))\geq\varepsilon_0.
Note that in this definition, n can be positive or negative, and so f may be expansive in the forward or backward directions.
The space X is often assumed to be compact, since under that assumption expansivity is a topological property; i.e. if d' is any other metric generating the same topology as d, and if f is expansive in (X,d), then f is expansive in (X,d') (possibly with a different expansivity constant).
If
f\colon X\to X
is a continuous map, we say that X is positively expansive (or forward expansive) if there is a
\varepsilon_0
such that, for any x\neq y in X, there is an n\in\mathbb such that d(f^n(x),f^n(y))\geq \varepsilon_0.

Theorem of uniform expansivity

Given f an expansive homeomorphism, the theorem of uniform expansivity states that for every \epsilon>0 and \delta>0 there is an N>0 such that for each pair x,y of points of X such that d(x,y)>\epsilon, there is an n\in \mathbb with \vert n\vert\leq N such that
d(f^n(x),f^n(y)) > c-\delta,
where c is the expansivity constant of f (proof).

Discussion

Positive expansivity is much stronger than expansivity. In fact, one can prove that if X is compact and f is a positively expansive homeomorphism, then X is finite (proof).

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1